THE IFAB ORGANISATION

Bodies


The international football association board:
The FA, FA Walles, Scottish FA, Irish Football Northern Ireland Association and FIFA.
Founders of The IFAB and international representation:
Board of Directors and Technical Subcommitte.
Internal IFAB bodies supported by the executive office:
Football Advisory Panel and Technical Advisory Panel.
External Advisory Panels to support decision-making process.

The IFAB is comprised of the four British football associations (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) with one vote each, and FIFA, covering the remaining 207 national associations, with four votes. In this way, all five bodies ensure that Laws are preserved respecting football’s traditions as well as its international reality. Passing a motion requires a three-quarters majority.

The Football and Technical Advisory Panels FAP and TAP, include experienced members from the football world, like former players and referees, that support The IFAB’s Technical Subcommittee in the decision-making process. Actual changes to the Laws can only be introduced during the Annual General Meetings (AGM), where the General Assembly formed by the key representatives of the IFAB take part and which are normally held every February or March in England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland in rotation, as well as other locations decided by FIFA in years of the FIFA World Cup™.

BoD

Board of Directors

The Board of Directors (BoD) comprises the General Secretaries of the four British associations and the FIFA Secretary General, and constitutes the executive body of The IFAB. The BoD assesses proposed changes to the Laws of the Game and decides whether they should be presented at the Annual General Meeting (AGM). In addition, the BoD can make recommendations to the AGM to accept, reject, discuss or test potential Law changes. Within the scope of its consultations regarding revision of the Laws, the BoD may mandate further consultation with the Advisory Panels of The IFAB and/or may approve experiments and/or pilot studies. The BoD is empowered to make decisions on all matters that are not the responsibility of the General Assembly or are not reserved for other bodies under the Statutes of The IFAB. The BoD appoints the Secretary of The IFAB.

TSC

Technical Subcommittee

The Technical Subcommittee (TSC) consists of technical experts of The IFAB`s five members as well as The IFAB’s Technical Director, and includes former renowned international referees. The TSC assesses and analyses potential Law changes and interpretations proposed by national football associations, confederations and the other bodies of The IFAB. The TSC is also involved in overseeing experiments and trials approved by the Board of Directors (BoD).

FAP

Football Advisory Panel

The Football and Technical Advisory Panels (FAP and TAP) bring together experts from across the world of football. TheFAP consists of former football players, former and current coaches, representatives fromtheInternationalFederation of ProfessionalFootballers (FIFPro) and technical directors and experts from the confederations. FAPmembers bring their expertise and knowledge to the discussions of footballing issues and the sporting aspects of potential Law changes.

TAP

Technical Advisory Panel

The Technical Subcommittee (TSC) consists of technical experts from The IFAB’s five members, as well as The IFAB’s Technical Director, and includes renowned former international referees. The TSC assesses and analyses potential Law changes and interpretations proposed by national football associations, confederations and the other bodies of The IFAB. The TSC is also involved in overseeing experiments and trials approved by the Board of Directors.

+ All members of The IFAB’s Technical Subcommittee

ESO

Executive Support Office

The Executive Support Office forms the administrative arm of The IFAB. It supports The IFAB’s bodies and representatives in all administrative matters and is responsible for the office management, correspondence, financial accounting, website content and the organisational aspects of experiments and trials. The Executive Support Office arranges all meetings of The IFAB with its members and other stakeholders.


The Executive Support Office is located at The IFAB’s headquarters and is headed by The IFAB Secretary, who is appointed by, and reports directly to, the Board of Directors (BoD).

Meetings

AGM

Annual General Meeting

The Annual General Meeting (AGM) is the ordinary meeting of the General Assembly, normally held in March. The four British football associations and FIFA host the meeting in rotation.
The AGM takes decisions related to the Laws of the Game and deals with any other relevant topics. During voting procedures, the British associations have one vote each and FIFA has four votes. All decisions require a three‐quarter majority.
The decisions of the AGM regarding changes to the Laws of the Game are binding on confederations and national football associations as from 1 June following each meeting. However, competitions can implement any changes once they have been officially announced by The IFAB (normally within 4-6 weeks after an AGM) and competitions which have started before 1 June are permitted to delay implementing the changes until the end of the competition (at the latest).

ABM

Annual Business Meeting

The Annual Business Meeting (ABM) consults on proposed changes to the Laws of the Game presented by the Executive Support Office in collaboration with the Technical Subcommittee, and based on feedback provided by the Football Advisory Panel (FAP) and the Technology Advisory Panel (TAP). It decides which topics shall be dealt with at the Annual General Meeting (AGM) and decides on experimentation of proposed Law amendments before being considered for implementation. 
The ABM is attended by the General Secretaries and technical experts of the five members of The IFAB as well as The IFAB’s Technical Director. The General Secretary of the association responsible for hosting the following AGM chairs the ABM, which normally takes place in November.

BoDM

Board of Directors Meetings

Meetings of the Board of Directors (BoD) take place on a regular basis, at least once a year, to deal with all matters related to the administration, strategy and execution of IFABs responsibilities.

TSM

Technical Subcommittee Meetings

The Technical Subcommittee (TSC) meets on an ‘ad hoc’ basis, during which the group analyses and drafts potential amendments to, and interpretations of, the Laws of the Game and Practical Guidelines.  

F/TAPM

Football & Technical Advisory Panel Meetings

The Football Advisory Panel (FAP) and Technical Advisory Panel (TAP) meetings are held biannually usually in April after the Annual General Meeting (AGM), and in October before the Annual Business Meeting (ABM). During these meetings, potential Law changes and related topics are discussed in depth to provide The IFAB with expertise and insight before any ABM or AGM decisions are made.